Pukearuhe Pa protected the major east-west trail along which were kainga at Te Kopua (Falls Park, Henderson), Oratia, Opanuku and Opareira (Henderson Valley). It is one of the few pa built on the eastern edges of the Waitakere Ranges.
These sites were known to include gardens and cultivations. Te Kawerau ā Maki were the builders of Pukearuhe Pa and held mana over all of Hikurangi (West Auckland) which continues to this day.
Pukearuhe Pa is a registered archaeological site with the New Zealand Archaeological Association and is listed as site number R11/8. It is located on a ridge between Henderson and Swanson Valleys, 180m above sea level. In 1975 a bulldozer destroyed a large portion of this historic site.
IdentityCultural Heritage Identity (CHI): 6806
Swanson Heritage Survey – Cultural Values Assessment 2016, Te Kawerau Iwi Tribunal Authority for Auckland Council
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